Quotes from Hitler's Henchmen and Nazi Sympathizers

compiled by Jim Walker

Originated: 24 Oct. 1999
Additions: 29 Jan. 2006

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The following provides a few quotes from Hitler's henchmen and Nazi sympathizers and how Christianity molded and influenced their beliefs. Most of Hitler's henchmen, along with the vast majority of German citizens, were brought up Christian, and thought themselves as such. Remember that Germany gave birth to Protestantism and held a large but minority of Catholics. The fact that so many Nazis practiced the Christian faith should not surprise anyone, especially considering that Germany, at the time before and during Hitler's rise, represented the most Christianized country in the word. And except for a very few who rejected orthodox Christianity (like Bormann and Rosenberg), the majority used their influence (whether through belief or political action) to support both Catholicism and Protestantism views for the 'positive" Christianity of the new Nazi party platform.

Nor can one attempt to use the tired and false ploy of trying to put the Nazi expression of Christianity into a 'political only' framework to appeal to the masses. These Nazis fully believed in their religion no less than do conservative Christian politicians of the United States. After solid research into the minds of the Nazis, from the book, The Holy Reich, Richard Steigmann-Gall put it well:
Indeed, none of the Nazis who proclaimed a positive attitude toward Christianity in public revealed themselves as anti-Christian in private. Therefore the insistence that the Nazis practiced "sheer opportunism" or placed a "tactical restraint" on their supposed hatred for Christianity "which had been imposed during the years of struggle to achieve power" cannot be sustained.

Each section below lists the person alphabetically by last name. Each quote includes the citation for the convenience of copying and pasting.


Quotes from Nazi Henchmen


Helmut Bruckner

Bruckner served as the Gauletier of Silesia. According to Richard Steigmann-Gall's research, "Bruckner sent Gregor Strasser an internal "Special Circular" he had issued to his Gau [region] officials on the party's official church-political stance. Its contents became common knowledge once a copy came into the hands of the Kirchenrat and the papers Tagliche Rundschau and Christliche Welt. As a confidential document, however, it provides a glimpse into the Nazi's feelings about the institution of the Protestant Church" [Steigmann-Gall]:

We struggle for a union of the small Protestant state churches into a strong Protestant Reich Church.... We are acting not as a party, but as Protestant Christians who only follow a call to faith from God, which we here in our Volk movement. As true members of our church we have a legitimate claim to have appropriate consideration given to the greatness and inner strength of National Socialism in church life and the church administration.

-Helmut Brucker, "Richtlinien fur Kirchenfragen," Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf (10 Nov. 1932: Breslau), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


Walter Buch

Buch served as Head of the Nazi Party court and Martin Bormann's father-in-law. Otto Wagener, Hitler's confidant in the Kampfzeit, named Buch as one of the only three men who "were prepared and in a position to tell Hitler their own views when they contradicted his." According to Richard Steigmann's research, Buch, a Lutheran, held his faith in high esteem and "maintained he was guided in his social thought by Martin Luther."

When Point 24 of our program says the party stands for a positive Christianity, here above all is the cornerstone of our thinking. Christ preached struggle as did no other. His life was struggle for his beliefs, for which he went to his death. From everyone he demanded a decision between yes and no.

-Walter Buch "Geist und Kampf" (speech): Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf (probably given between 1930 and 1932), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]
 
Public need before private greed.... So important and meaningful is this phrase that Jesus Christ placed it in the center of his religious teaching. However, since Christ was not a politician, since his Reich was not of this world, he put the calling into other words. He taught: love your neighbors as yourself! National Socialism is therefore nothing new, nothing that a person after much consideration would not come upon as the solution to the economic plight of the Germans.

-Walter Buch Der Aufmasch, Blatter der deutschen Jugend 2 (January 1931), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

Note, Point 24 refers to a section of the NSDAP party platform (the Nazi Constitution, so to speak) where it proclaims "positive Christianity" as one of its tenants.

Never more than in the last ten years has the truth behind Luther's words been more evident: "The family is the source of everyone's blessings and misforture."

-Walter Buch In a speech from 1932, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]
 
 
 

The idea of eternal life, of which the Jew knows nothing, is just as characteristic of our Germanic forefathers as it was of Christ.

-Walter Buch Der Aufmarsch, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]




When Luther turned his attention to the Jews, after he completed his translation of the Bible, he left behind "on the Jews and their Lies" for posterity.

-Walter Buch [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 
Many people confess their amazement that Hitler preaches ideas which they have always held.... From the Middle Ages we can look to the same example in Martin Luther. What stirred in the soul and spirit of the German people of that time, finally found expression in his person, in his words and deeds.

-Walter Buch "Geist und Kampf" (speech), Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

Luther's eloquent words,"the intellect is the Devil's whore," confirm my belief that the human spirit of the greatest magnitude is too small to alter the laws of life. And the highest law of life is struggle.... Nothing comes from "yes, but [Zwar-Aber].

-Walter Buch written to a friend in 1929, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]




Rudolf Buttmann

 

An early member of the Nazi Party, Buttmann became a cacus leader of the Nazi Party in the Bavarian Landtag (whose other members included Schemm and Streicher), and later head of the Cultural Division of the Reich Interior Ministry. [Steigmann-Gall]
One has opportunity enough to see how our party governs in Thuringia, where party members Dr. Frick has reintroduced Christian morning prayer in school.... Not through us is religion in danger, but rather through the conditions we know of in Russia, and which they now boast of in Berlin. First we shall sweep clean the recesses of filth of the city - the cinemas and theaters - with an iron broom.

-Rudolf Buttmann,Volkischer Beobachter, 13 Dec. 1930, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

Our worldview is not directed against Cathoicism or Protestantism, not against Christianity, but rather based on Christianity and against cultural bolshevism, against the false liberalism of the Enlightenment, and against materialism.

-Rudolf Buttmann,Volkischer Beobachter, 5 Jan. 1931, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]




Dietrich Eckart

Eckart served as one of the early key members of the National-Socialist German Workers Party and an early friend of Hitler. He also invented the term "Drittes Reich" ("Third Reich"). Eckart also coined the phrase, "Jewish materialist spirit within us and without us," used in Point 24 of the Nazi Party platform, an expression that implied a religious element in the Nazi typology. Hitler felt so indebted to Eckart he ended Mein Kampf with a tribute to him.
Christ stands never otherwise than erect, never otherwise than upright... eyes flashing in the midst of the creeping Jewish rabble... and the words fall like lashes of the whip: 'Your father is the devil' (John 8:44)

-Dietrich Eckart Der Bolschewismus von Moses bis Lenin: Zweigesprache zwischen Adolf Hitler und mir (Munich, 1924) [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

This war was a religious war, finally one sees that clearly. A war between light and darkness, truth and falsehood, Christ and Antichrist.

-Dietrich Eckart Auf gut deutsch (1919) [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

Wonders never cease; from the deluge is born a new world, while the Pharisees whine about their miserable pennies! The Liberation of humanity from the curse of gold stands before us! But for that our colllapse, but for that our Golhotha!

-Dietrich Eckart Auf gut deutsch (1919) [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

[The] Jewish conception of God is of no interest to us Germans! We seek God nowhere but in ourselves. For us the soul is divine, of which the Jew, on the other hand, knows nothing. The Kingdom of Heaven is within you (Luke 17:21), thus God also, who belongs to the Kingdom of Heaven. We feel our soul is immortal, eternal from the beginning, and therefore we refuse to be told that we are created from nothingness.

-Dietrich Eckart Auf gut deutsch (1919) [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

The New Testament broke away from the Old /as you once released yourself from the world/ And as you are freed from your past delustions/ so did Jesus Christ reject his Jewishness.

-Dietrich Eckart Quoted in Rosenberg, Eckart [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]
 

Hans Frank
Frank acted as lawyer and senior official for the Nazi party and legal advisor for Hitler. He also served a tenure as Governor-General of occupied Poland for which he was convicted during the Nuremberg trials for his role in perpetrating the Jewish holocaust and found guilty of complicity in the murder of millions of Poles and Polish Jews. A former Protestant (his father was a Protestant and his mother a Catholic), he converted to Roman Catholicism after his arrest where he felt relieved at the prospect of atoning for his evil deeds. [The belief that one can be saved for any atrocious act demonstrates the moral flaw of Christian doctrine.]

Hitler is lonely, So is God. Hitler is like God.

-Reichminister Hans Frank (FL Schuman, "Hitler and the Nazi Dictatorship," London 1936)

 

We are under the great obligation of recognizing as a holy work of our Volk's spirit the laws signed by Adolf Hitler's name. Hitler has received his authority from God. Therefore he is champion, sent by God, of German Right in the world.

-Hans Frank, Frankfurt-am-Main, 30 October 1935 (Aurel Kolnai, The War Against the West)

 

I am thankful for the kind treatment during my captivity and I ask God to accept me with mercy.

-Hans Frank
, in his last statement before execution (Hans Frank from Wikipedia online encyclopedia)

 


 
Wilhelm Frick

 

Frick served as the NSDAP caucus leader in the Reichstag and one of only three Nazis in the original Hitler Cabinet. He was responsible for drafting many of the laws that set up the Nazi regime. Hitler appointed him as Reich Interior Minister, making him the most important "state Nazi" immediately after the Seizure of Power (Machtergreifung). Frick, a member of the Protestant Church, had jurisdiction over the affairs of the Protestant Church until the creation of the Reich Church Ministry in 1935. [Steigmann-Gall]
The party stands for positive Christianity. The National Socialist state is absolutely ready to work with the Christian churches, but the solidarity of the churches to the Volk must be a matter of course; that means that the churches must feel bound to the Volk and may never come into opposition to the National Socialist leadership of the state.

-Wilhelm Frick, Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, 2 June 1935, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

Joseph Goebbels

Goebbles served as Hitler's Propaganda Minister (Propagandaministerium). The pious Catholic parents of Joseph Goebbels raised him and his two brothers in that faith. He spoke of Hitler as "either Christ or St. John." "Hitler, I love you!" he wrote in his diary.
I converse with Christ. I believed I had overcome him, but I have only overcome his idoltrous priests and false servants. Christ is harsh and relentless.

-Joseph Goebbels, Michael: Ein deutsches Schicksl in Tagebuchblattern (Munich, 1929), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

I take the Bible, and all evening long I read the simplest and greatest sermon that has ever been given to mankind: The Sermon on the Mount! 'Blessed are they who suffer persecution for the sake of justice, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven'!

-Joseph Goebbels, Michael: Ein deutsches Schicksl in Tagebuchblattern (Munich, 1929), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

Christ is the genius of love, as such the most diametrical opposite of Judaism, which is the incarnation of hate. The Jew is a non-race among the races of the earth.... Christ is the first great enemy of the Jews.... that is why Judaism had to get rid of him. For he was shaking the very foundations of its future international power. The Jew is the lie personified. When he crucified Christ, he crucified everlasting truth for the first time in history.

-Joseph Goebbels, Michael: Ein deutsches Schicksl in Tagebuchblattern (Munich, 1929), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

The idea of sacrifice first gained visible shape in Christ. Sacrifice is intrinsic to socialism.... The Jew, however, does not understand this at all. His socialism consists of sacrificing others for himself. This is what Marxism is like in practice.... The struggle we are now waging today until victory or the bitter end, is in its deepest sense, a struggle between Christ and Marx. Christ: the principle of love. Marx: the principle of hate.

-Joseph Goebbels, Michael: Ein deutsches Schicksl in Tagebuchblattern (Munich, 1929), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

Christ cannot have been a Jew. I do not need to prove this with science or scholarship. It is so!

-Joseph Goebbels
, Michael: Ein deutsches Schicksl in Tagebuchblattern (Munich, 1929), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

A Jew is for me an object of disgust. I feel like vomiting when I see one. Christ could not possibly have been a Jew. It is not necessary to prove that scientifically-- it is a fact.

-Joseph Goebbels
, in his attempt to win the eternal gratitude of Hitler, (Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)

 

When today a clique accuses us of having anti-Christian opinions, I believe that the first Christian, Christ himself, would discover more of his teaching in our actions than in this theological hair-splitting.

-Joseph Goebbels
, Evangelisches Zentralarchiv in Berlin, 2 March 1934: Hamburg, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

When we call for the unification of the Protestant Church, we do so because we do not see how, in a time when the whole Reich is unifying itself, twenty-eight Landeskirchen can persist.... In the interpretation of the Gospel one may hold the command of God higher than human commands. In the interpretation of political realities, we consider ourselves to be God's instrument.

-Joseph Goebbels
, Hannover Kurier, 29 March 1935, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

A verbal confession cannot suffice; we require an active confession. Christianity to us is no empty form, but rather a continual action.

-Joseph Goebbels
, in a speech from 1935, Volkischer Beobachter, 5 Aug. 1935, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

We have a feeling that Germany has been transformed into a great house of God, including all classes, professions and creeds, where the Führer as our mediator stood before the throne of the Almighty.

-Joseph Goebbels
, in a broadcast, 19 April 1936


Hermann Göring

An early member of the Nazi party and one of its principle leaders, Göring founded the Gestapo and served as the Reichsluftfahrtminister of the Luftwaffe.

We have told the churches that we stand for positive Christianity. Through the zeal of our faith, the strength of our faith, we have once again shown what faith means, we have once again taken the Volk, which believed in nothing, back to faith.

-Hermann Göring
in a 1935 speech, Positives Christentum, 3 Nov. 1935, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

In the same speech, Göring attacked paganists:

Naturally there are always people at work who represent a type of provocateur, who have come to us because they imagine National Socialism to be something other than it is, who have all kinds of fantastic and confused plans, who misunderstand National Socialist racial thought and overstate their declaration to blood and soil [Blut und Boden], and who in their romantic dreams are surrounded by Wotan and Thor and the like. Such exaggerations can harm our movement, since they make the movement look ridiculous, and ridiculousness [Lacherlichkeit] is always something most harmful. When I hear that a "Germanic wedding' is to be celebrated, I have to ask: my God, what do you understand to be a Germanic wedding? What do you understand to be National Socialism?

-Hermann Göring
in a 1935 speech, Positives Christentum, 3 Nov. 1935, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

That same year, Göring married his second wife, Emmy, in a Lutheran service officiated by Reich Bishop Müller with Hitler as "Best Man." Later, he would also give his daughter Edda a Lutheran baptism. [Steigmann-Gall] To see a photo of the wedding, click here.

God gave the savior to the German people. We have faith, deep and unshakeable faith, that he [Hitler] was sent to us by God to save Germany.

-Hermann Göring
(Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)

 

How shall I give expression, O my Führer, to what is in our hearts? How shall I find words to express your deeds? Has there ever been a mortal as beloved as you, my Führer? Was there ever belief as strong as the belief in your mission. You were sent us by God for Germany!

-Hermann Göring
(Reden und Aufsatze, Munich, 1938)

 

Although he himself [Hitler] was a Catholic, he wished the Protestant Church to have a stronger position in Germany, since Germany was two-thirds Protestant.

-Hermann Göring
(Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 1945, Vol.9)

 

The Führer wanted to achieve the unification of the Protestant Evangelical Churches by appointing a Reich Bishop, so that there would be a high Protestant church dignitary as well as a high Catholic church dignitary.

-Hermann Göring
(Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 1945, Vol.9)

 

With the Catholic Church the Führer ordered a concordat to be concluded by Herr Von Papen. Shortly before that agreement was concluded by Herr Von Papen I visited the Pope myself. I had numerous connections with the higher Catholic clergy because of my Catholic mother, and thus-- I am myself a Protestant-- I had a view of both camps.

-Hermann Göring
(Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 1945, Vol.9)

 

I myself am not what you might call a churchgoer, but I have gone now and then, and have always considered I belonged to the Church and have always had those functions over which the Church presides-- marriage, christening, burial, et cetera-- carried out in my house by the Church.

-Hermann Göring
(Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 1945, Vol.9)


Rudolf Hess

Hess edited Hitler's book Mein Kampf and served as Hitler's deputy. He emerged as a prominent figure in Nazi Germany.
You take an oath to a man whom you know follows the laws of providence, which he obeys independently of the influence of earthly powers, who leads the German people rightly, and who will guide Germany's fate. Through your oath you bind yourselves to a man who--that is our faith--was sent to us by higher powers. Do not seek Adolf Hitler with your mind. You will find him through he strength of your hearts!

-Rudolf Hess
, in his speech, "The Oath to Adolf Hitler," 1934

 

We believe that the Führer is fulfilling a divine mission to German destiny! This belief is beyond challenge.

-Rudolf Hess
, speech, 20 June 1934 (Reden, Munich. 1938, p. 25)

 

With all our powers we will endeavour to be worthy of the Führer thou, O Lord, has sent us!

-Rudolf Hess
, address to political leaders, Munich , 21 April 1938 (Rolf Tell, Sound and Führer)

 

No matter what human beings do I shall some day stand before the judgement seat of the Eternal. I shall answer to Him, and I know he will judge me innocent.

-Rudolf Hess
, in a statement to the Nuremberg Tribunal, (Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)


Heinrich Himmler

One of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany, Himmler served as the commander of the German Schutzstaffel (SS) and controlled the Gestapo. He grew up as a devout Catholic and attended mass regularly. Eventually he moved away from Catholicism toward Aryan occultist beliefs, but he, nevertheless, never lost his belief in God and he thought of Jesus as an Aryan.

I swear before God this holy oath, that I shall give absolute confidence to the Fuehrer of the German Reich and people.

-Heinrich Himmler
, reminding his hearers about the oath taken by all SS men as well as by the military forces (Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)

 

In ideological training I forbid every attack against Christ as a person, since such attacks or insults that Christ was a Jew are unworthy of us and certainly untrue historically.

-Heinrich Himmler
, Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf, 28 June 1937: Berlin, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

You Einsatztruppen (task forces) are called upon to fulfill a repulsive duty. But you are soldiers who have to carry out every order unconditionally. You have a responsibility before God and Hitler for everything that is happening. I myself hate this bloody business and I have been moved to the depths of my soul. But I am obeying the highest law by doing my duty. Man must defend himself against bedbugs and rats-- against vermin.

-Heinrich Himmler
, in a speech to the SS guards, (Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)
 

Atheism is the only world-view or religious view that is not tolerated within the SS.

-Heinrich Himmler, in a letter to a paster in 1937 (from Peter Longerich's Heinrich Himmler, cited from wikipedia.org)

 


 

Hans Hinkel

Hinkel gained influential positions in Goebbels' Reich Chamber of Culture (Reichskulturkammer) and Propaganda Ministry, where he became head of both the Jewish section and the film department. [Richard Steigmann-Gall]

Through his acts and his spiritual attitude he began the fight which we still wage today; with Luther the revolution of German blood and feeling against alien elements of the Volk was begun.

-Hans Hinkel
, [from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

To continue and complete his Protestantism, nationalism must make the picture of Luther, of a German fighter, live as an example above the barriers of confession for all German blood comrades.

-Hans Hinkel
, Der Tag, 17 Feb. 1933, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


Rudolf Hoess

Hoess served as a senior Nazi official, member of the SS and Waffen-SS (with the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer) and commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp where he held responsibility for the murder of hundreds of thousands of people.

In his Nuremberg cell, Rudolf Hoess told psychologist G.M. Gilbert how he got brought up in a rigorous Catholic tradition:
My father was really a bigot. He was very strict and fanatical. I learned that my father took a religious oath at the time of the birth of my younger sister, dedicating me to God and the priesthood, and after that leading a Joseph married life [celibacy]. He directed my entire youthful education toward the goal of making me a priest. I had to pray and go to church endlessly, do penance over the slightest misdeed-- praying as punishment for any little unkindness to my sister, or something like that.

-Rudolf Hoess
(Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)

When asked if his father ever beat him, Hoess replied that he was only punished by prayer:

The thing that made me so stubborn and probably made me later on cut off from people was his way of making me feel that I had wronged him personally, and that, since I was spiritually a minor, he was responsible to God for my sins.

-Rudolf Hoess
(Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)



Joachim Hossenfelder

Hossenfelder, a student of theology after WWI became a Protestant country pastor in Sillies. In 1929 he joined the Nazi Party, and in 1933 became the head of the German Christian Movement in Berlin which attempted to combine Christianity and Nazism to reflect Hitler's view of "Positive Christianity." Hossenfelder liked to call the movement, "The Storm Troops of Jesus Christ."

To become warriors for God and fatherland was the task the war had set for us.

-Joachim Hossenfelder
(facinghistorycampus.org)

God had brought [the German] Volk into being and he had done so through Hitler, Volk was race and God wants race.

-Joachim Hossenfelder
(facinghistorycampus.org)

Christian faith is a heroic, manly thing. God speaks in blood and Volk a more powerful language than He does in the idea of humanity.

-Joachim Hossenfelder
(Protestant Churches)


Hanns Kerrl

Born into a Protestant family in Fallersleben, Kerrl joined the NSDAP in 1923. He served as Prussian Justice Minister and later, Reich Church Minister. He also established a central "Reich Church Committee." [Steigmann-Gall] Kerrl tried to mediate between the divisions amongst the churches and stressed the religious aspect of the Nazi "positive" Christianity ideology.

The Führer wants to protect positive Christianity; this must be maintained. It is necessary, therefore, to seize upon the power of the Christian confessions which affirm the state and National Socialism, and to maintain church life.

-Hanns Kerrl
, Dokumente zur Kirchenpolitik, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

Kerrl strongly opposed Alfred Rosenberg's paganist and anticlerical attempts. At the end of 1939, Rosenberg sought to elevate his position from a purely party office to a more imposing state office so that he could have more control over religious issues. [Steigmann-Gall] In a meeting in 1940 to resolve the issue of Rosenberg's appointment, Kerrl noted that:

The Third Reich needs Christianity and the churches because it has nothing to replace the Christian religion and Christian morality.... His appointment will result in marked unrest among the Volk, which is precisely what we must avoid during the war under all circumstances.

-Hans Kerrl, against the appointment of paganist Alfred Rosenberg

Many Nazis opposed Rosenberg's post, including Hitler. In fact Hitler cited Kerrl's argument as the most compelling for canceling Rosenberg's new post. [Steigmann-Gall]

 

Adolf Hitler gave us back our faith. He showed us the true meaning of religion. He came to take us from the faith of our fathers? No, he has come to renew for us the faith of our fathers and to make us new and better things. Just as Christ made his twelve disciples into a band faithful to the martyr's death whose faith shook the Roman Empire, so now we witness the same spectacle again: Adolf Hitler is the true Holy Ghost.

-Hans Kerrl, addressing SA leaders, Brunswick, 19 November 1935


Erich Koch

Koch served as Gauleiter of East Prussia and later Reich Commissioner for Ukraine. He also functioned as President of the East Prussian Protestant Church Synod when the Third Reich began. He founded his own regional variation of the German Chrisitans (Deutsche Christen) party.
We commit ourselves, and we demand this commitment not only from the elected representatives of the church, but above all from all Protestant men and women, to service in our communities! We want to serve: through tireless recruitment to our worship; through chivalrous intervention for the poor and needy, through defence of our faith;... through true Evangelical witness in public.

-Erich Koch
, as quoted in Scholder, Churches, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

Only we can enter into Luther's spirit.... Human cults do not set us free from all sin, but faith alone. With us the church shall become a serving member of the state.... There is a deep sense that our celebration is not attended by superficiality, but rather by thanks to a man who saved German cultural values.

-Erich Koch
, Konigsberg-Hartungsche Zeitung, 20 Nov. 1933, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


Wilhelm Kube

Kube began his postwar political life as General Secretary of the German National People's Party (Deutschnationale Volkspartei, or DNVP). Through the DNVP he moved into the NSDAP in 1928 and served as Gauteiter of Brandenburg (later "Kurmark"). More importantly to this subject, he cofounded the German Christians (Deutsche Christen, or DC), a party within the Protestant Church that originally went by the name Protestant National Socialists. It came from Hitler's suggestion that "German Christians" served as a better name for the party. Kube wanted to "gain control of the churches" and to "bring the churches in hand." [Steigmann-Gall]

Kube had a long link with Protestantism as he had an active life in a parish community council in Berlin after the First World War and had become a member of the synod of the Diocese of Berlin. His role in founding the German Christian movement came from his conviction that Nazism represented the true interests of German Protestantism rather than from a cynical posturing for the sake of winning votes. [Steigmann-Gall]

Precisely because we affirm it, because we are convinced that Christianity and Germanhood have come together in so infinitely many respects that they cannot be separated.... We have confidence in the German state, that its politics are not opposed to Christian interests and Christian sensibilities, but rather that it will look after these interests in all circumstances.

-Wilhelm Kube
, cofounder of the German Christians party (Deutsche Christen, or DC), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


Joachim Ribbentrop

A fanatical Nazi and anti-semite, Ribbentrop became Hitler's favourite foreign policy advisor and served as Foreign Minister of Germany from 1938 until 1945.
May God save Germany!

-Joachim Ribbentrop
, his last words before his hanging, (Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)


Bernhard Rust

Rust joined the NSDAP in 1922 and Hitler appointed him as Minister of Science, Art, and Education for Prussia. Later he served as Minister of Education in Nazi Germany.


In the 150-year Wars of Religion we were, as a Reich and Volk, almost destroyed. Today we stand in a bitter struggle for existence against Bolshevism. I appeal to the Christian churches of both confessions to join with us against this enemy in defense of their living values of belief and morality.

-Bernhard Rust
, Volkischer Beobachter, 9 Feb. 1933, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

If anyone can lay claim to God's help, then it is Hitler, for without God's benevolent fatherly hand, without his blessing, the nation would not be where it stands today. It is an unbelievable miracle that God has bestowed on our people.

-Bernhard Rust
, in a speech to a mass meeting of German Chrisitans on June 29, 1933 [Helmreich]

 

Since Martin Luther closed his eyes, no such son of our people has appeared again. It has been decided that we shall be the first to witness his reappearance.... I think the time is past when one may not say the names of Hitler and Luther in the same breath. They belong together; they are of the same old stamp [Schrot und Korn].

-Bernhard Rust
, Volkischer Beobachter, 25 Aug. 1933, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

We have not fought to build a paganistic temple, but to unite the German Volk for all eternity. We do not build temples against the Christian church, we do not want Valhalla as a substitute for a Christian heaven.

-Bernhard Rust
, Das Evangelische Deutschland, 1 July 1934, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

Neither the Reformation nor the Counter-Reformation fully conquered all of Germany, nor did either create a Christian state religion. The National Socialist program commits itself to positive Christianity. However, the German Volk, split into two religions, cannot express one confession to Christian dogma, but only to practical Christianity. The two confessions can find each other in Christian ethics, whereas in dogma the Volk breaks in two.

-Bernhard Rust
, Deutsche Allgmeine Zeitung, 23 March 1935, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

What Christianity achieves is not dogma, it does not seek the outward ecclesiastical form, but rather ethical principles.... There is not religion and no philosophy that equals it in its moral content; no philosophical ethics is better able to diffuse the tension between this life and the hereafter, from which Christianity and its ethic were born.

-Bernhard Rust
, Reichsbote, 31 March 1935: in Bundesarchiv Potsdam, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


Hans Schemm

Schemm served as the Head of the National Socialist Teachers' League (Nationalsozialistischer Lehrerbund, or NSLB). After 1933 he became Bavarian Minister of Education and Culture. Throughout the Reich, Germans particularly knew Schemm for his slogan, "Our religion is Christ, our politics Fatherland!" He designed his speeches, famous in Bavaria, to cast Nazism as a religious revival. Police reports stated, Schemm spoke "like a pastor" and often ended his deliveries with the Lutheran hymn "A Mighty Fortress is our God."

We are no theologians, no representatives of the teaching profession in this sense, put forth no theology. But we claim one thing for ourselves: that we place the great fundamental idea of Christianity in the enter of our ideology [Ideenwelt]- the hero and sufferer Christ himself stands in the center.

-Hans Schemm
, Walter Kunneth, Werner Wilm, and Hans Schemm, Was haben wir als evangelische Christen zum Rufe des Nationalsozialismus zu sagen? (Dresden, 1931), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

Each confession in honor, but the common holy bond, which is tied together through both confessions, must always be emphasized on account of the German and Christian community. We all say a Lord's Prayer, we all have a Savior, we all have a Christmas celebration. The banner above both confessions is: Christianity.

-Hans Schemm
, Walter Kunneth, Werner Wilm, and Hans Schemm, Was haben wir als evangelische Christen zum Rufe des Nationalsozialismus zu sagen? (Dresden, 1931), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

We all say a Lord's Prayer, we all have a Savior, we all have a Christmas celebration. The banner above both confessions is: Christianity.

-Hans Schemm
, Kunneth et al., Rufe des Nationalsozialismus, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

The Protestant League stands very close to the NSDAP. It is consciously German and, through moral and religious power, wants to contribute to the building up of the German people.

-Hans Schemm
, Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf, (6 March 1931: Berlin), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]
Note, In his original letter to Schemm, Wilhelm Fahrenhorst, head of the Protestant League, indicated that he had spoken with Göring on the NSDAP's connection to Protestantism. Source: Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf (20 Dec. 1930), cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich



The Protestant League stands very close to the NSDAP. It is consciously German and, through moral and religious power, wants to contribute to the building up of the German people.... [It has] the same line as the NSDAP against the Center as [representatives of] political, ultramontane Catholicism.

-Hans Schemm
, Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf, (6 March 1931: Berlin), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]
It is henceforth the goal of the Education Ministry that every child in Bavarian schools shall be made familiar with the principles of the Christian and national state.... Religious instruction is nothing other than service to the soul of children. Faith in god and the personality of the teacher must be expressed in a realistic instruction filled with religious sincerity.

-Hans Schemm
, Dokumente zur Kirchenpolitik, 27 June 1933, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

Note, Schemm reiterated these points in a document written in late June 1933, when the NSDAP no longer needed to court the political favor of the Reichstag's Christian parties. [Steigmann-Gall]


So long as the Bible was available to us only in a foreign language, so long as it was only spoken to us in Latin, we could only grasp it as things are grasped through the iron gloves of a knight: he is aware of the shape and weight , but can only feel iron. When Luther made the Bible accessible to Germans in the glorious German language, it was as if we had cast off the iron glove and with the flesh and blood of our German hand were finally able to grasp our unique character.... The older and more experienced he became, the less he could understand one particular type of person: this was the Jew. His engagement against the decomposing Jewish spirit is clearly evident not only from his writing against the Jews; his life too was idealistically, philosophically antisemitic. Now we Germans of today have the duty to recognize and acknowledge this.

-Hans Schemm
, "Luther und das Deutschtum," Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf (19 Nov. 1933: Berlin), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


Our confession to God is a confession of a doctrine of totality.... To give ultimate significance to the totalities of race, resistance and personality there is added the supreme totalitarian slogan of our Volk: "Religion and God." God is the greatest totality and extends over all else.

-Hans Schemm, (Gertrud Kahl-Furthmann (ed.), Hans Schemm spricht: Seine Reden und sein Werk (Bayreuth, 1935), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

What went for Luther goes for us as well: only through the mirror of our blood and our race are we able to see God as he must be seen.

-Hans Schemm
, (Gertrud Kahl-Furthmann (ed.), Hans Schemm spricht: Seine Reden und sein Werk (Bayreuth, 1935), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

We wish for nothing as ardently as a powerful Protestant Church which stands on the foundations prepared by the great Reformer martin Luther.... It is not possible for a church to stand apart or against the Volk. Rather the church must stand in service to the Volk. The great Nazarene did not stand apart in a quiet corner.

-Hans Schemm
, [from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


Baldur Benedikt von Schirach

A prominent Nazi official, Schirach served as the head of the Hitler-Jugend (HJ, Hitler Youth) and Gauleiter and Reichsstatthalter ("Imperial Governor") of Vienna.

Like many German Christians (especially Protestants), Schirach believed that Christianity and the churches did not describe the same thing. (It goes much to this reason why many American Christians who do not understand the religious conflicts in Germany, see Nazis as against Christianity, not realizing that they attacked the political aims of the churches, not Christianity itself or Jesus. This especially held more for the Protestants because many Protestants in Germany saw Catholicism as an encroachment against their faith.

They say of us that we are an anti-Christian movement. They even say that I am an outspoken paganist.... I solemnly declare here, before the German public, that I stand on the basis of Christianity, but I declare just as solemnly that I will put down every attempt to introduce confessional matters into our Hitler Youth.

-Baldur Benedikt von Schirach
, in a December1933 speech in Braunschweig, [from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

If today he descended from Heaven, the great warrior who struck the moneychangers/ You would once again shout 'crucify!'/ And nail him to the cross that he himself carried/ But he would gently laugh at your hatred/ 'The truth remains even when your bearers are passed/ Faith remains, because I give my life...'/ And the fighter of all the world towers on the cross.

-Baldur Benedikt von Schirach
, Evangelium im Dritten Reich, 1 July 1934: in Bundesarchiv Potsdam, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

In no manner does the HJ restrict the religious activities of its members. Neither in their visits to Sunday services, nor in their contribution to other church festivities, will Catholic Hitler youths be restricted by the leadership of the HJ.

-Baldur Benedikt von Schirach
, Baldur von Schirach, Die Hitler-Jugend: Idee und Gestalt (Berlin, 1934), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

I hold the view that religious meetings and events in special religious youth gatherings do not contradict the HJ's totalizing claims. Every effort that aims at a deepening and intensification of religious feeling must not only be welcomed, but also led, by any youth leadership with a sense of responsibility. I believe that through the agreement with the Reich Bishop of the Protestant Chuch, the Hitler Youth has indicated that it is ready to grant the necessary space for religious education.

-Baldur Benedikt von Schirach
, Schirach, Hitler-jugend, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

We all believe in an almighty God. We are all, even the youngest among us, witnesses to the wonderful transformation that the Volk has experienced through His help, the transformation from impotence and destruction to strength and harmony. The Hitler Youth wants nothing less than to secure this strength and harmony for all time.

-Baldur Benedikt von Schirach
, Markische Volkszeitung, 3 June 1935, Bundesarchiv Potsdam, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


Ludwig Siebert

Siebert served as the Governor-General of Bavaria. Hitler had also made him the official responsible for the restoration of all the German castles in the Reich. Siebert presided over the inauguration of Hans Meiser as Bavarian State Bishop in June 1933. On that occasion Siebert expressed his desire to work with Meiser:

church and state must discuss and promote the same questions.... 1) The awakening of a sense of sacrifice; 2) The creation of the new social ethic; 3) Leading our youth to Volk and God, to Fatherland and Christianity.

-Ludwig Siebert
, June 1933, Dokumente zur Kirchenpolitik, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


Julius Streicher

Julius Streicher, the ninth child of a Roman Catholic primary school teacher, also became a school teacher in Nuremberg. He published, edited, and wrote for the German newspaper Der Stürmer and served as a prominent Nazi prior to and during World War II.

After Hitler's release from prison in December 1924, Streicher hailed Hitler's return to politics as a "gift of God," a judgement the Fuehrer never forgot.

Streicher held an enthusiam about allegations that the Jews murdered non-Jews in order to obtain blood for the feast of Passover. He charged that Jews hated Christianity and mankind in general. Streicher went to grotesque lengths in his attacks on Jews claiming the discovery that "Christ was not a Jew but an Aryan."

If the danger of the reproduction of that curse of God in the Jewish blood is finally to come to an end, then there is only one way-- the extermination of that people whose father is the devil...

-Julius Streicher
paraphrasing John 8:44 as his justification for extermination (Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 1945, Vol. 12)

Only the Jews, he shouted, had remained victorious after the dreadful days of World War I. These were the people, he charged, of whom Christ said, "Its father is the devil."

-Julius Streicher
[See John 8:44, for Christ's accusation of father the devil], (Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)

Germans must fight Jews, that organized body of world criminals against whom Christ, the greatest anti-Semite of all time, had fought.

-Julius Streicher
(Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)

[We] relentlessly fight the shady mixing of religion and Jewish party politics, and fight to keep religion pure, as did the Lord when he threw the hagglers and usurers out of the Temple.

-Julius Streicher
"Kulturkampf!" (Flugblatt): IfZ MA 740 (10 March 1924: Munich), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

During the Nuremberg trials, Streicher was asked about his participation in the Nuremberg Race laws of 1935. He responded:

Yes, I believe I had a part in it insofar as for years I have written that any further mixture of German blood with Jewish blood must be avoided. I have written such articles again and again; and in my articles I have repeatedly emphasized the fact that the Jews should serve as an example to every race, for they created the racial law for themselves-- the law of Moses, which says, "If you come into a foreign land you shall not take unto yourself foreign women." And that, Gentlemen, is of tremendous importance in judging the Nuremberg Laws.. These laws of the Jews were taken as a model for these laws. When after centuries, the Jewish lawgiver Ezra demonstrated that notwithstanding many Jews had married non-Jewish women, these marriages were dissolved. That was the beginning of Jewry which, because it introduced these racial laws, has survived throughout the centuries, while all other races and civilizations have perished.

-Julius Streicher
, (Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 1945, Vol. 12)
[Note, although Streicher had a part in the race laws, Hitler outlined his religious justification for the race laws in his private notes before he came into power. To see a translation from one of Hitler's notes, click here.]

When asked if there were any other anti-Semitic publications, other than Der Stürmer, published in Germany, Streicher replied:

Anti-Semitic publications have existed in Germany for centuries. A book I had, written by Dr. Martin Luther, was, for instance, confiscated. Dr. Martin Luther would very probably sit in my place in the defendants' dock today, if this book had been taken into consideration by the Prosecution. In this book The Jews and Their Lies, Dr. Martin Luther writes that the Jews are a serpent's brood and one should burn down their synagogues and destroy them.

-Julius Streicher, (Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 1945, Vol. 12)'''

[For Luther's book, On the Jews and their lies, click here.]


Now it goes to God!

-Julius Streicher
, as he mounted the gallows platform to his death, (Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)

 

Purim Fest, 1946.

-Julius Streicher, his last words before his hanging, (Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990)

Note: Purim describes a Jewish holiday, celebrated in the spring to commemorate the hanging of Haman, biblical oppressor of the Jews.


Nazis who opposed Orthodox Christianity


Martin Bormann

Martin Bormann stood as one of the few top Nazis who rejected the organized Church (he was not, however, an atheist as many falsely claim, and certainly not a occultist). At Hitler's round table, Bormann noted that the Fuehrer did not want to pursue a campaign against the churches. Only in secret did Bormann hold a grudge against the churches. He carefully avoided the rouse of suspicion of the Fuehrer. If he could not destroy the churches, he could at least demand that his subordinates pay little attention to them.

In perhaps the most misquoted statment by American Christians, incorrectly atributed to Hitler:
 The Christian religion and National Socialist doctrines are not compatible.

-Martin Bormann
, in a letter to Alfred Rosenberg, (Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 1945, Vol. 1)
[Bormann here goes against Hitler and Nazi doctrine where the Nazi party program explicitly supports "positive Christianity."]

When Martin Bormann came out with a confinential anti-Christian tract, Hitler objected. According to Steigmann-Gall, "Almost immediately after it was released, Hitler suppressed it, ordering Bormann to retract his statements and recover all the copies he had sent out." The pro-Christian Goebbels, also disagreed with Bormann's anticlerical activity, along with many other Nazis. Not only was Bormann's decree on the relation of Christianity and National Socialism done in secret, but at no time was there an official Nazi law that tried to destroy Christianity.

Bormann serves at the main reason why many think that Hitler opposed religion. In Bormann's edited transcripts of Hitler's Table Talk, he gives the appearance that Hitler opposed the Christian religion. For an examination of Hitler's Table Talk, see 'Hitler's table talk and other extraneous sources."


Alfred Rosenberg

Alfred Rosenberg stands as the major reason why so many American Christians think Nazism represented Nordic pagan beliefs instead of Nazi Christianity. Hitler chose Rosenberg to create a 'religion of the Blood' knowing that any form of propaganda could prove useful. However, Hitler also attempted to establish a Reich Christian Church for the future of Germany. Hitler, himself, did not believe in pagan cults.

Rosenberg charged that the true picture of Jesus had been distorted by fanatics like Matthew, by materialistic rabbis like Paul, by African jurists like Tertullian, and the mongrel half-breeds like St. Augustine. The real Christ, wrote Rosenberg, was an Amorite Nordic, aggressive, courageous, "a man of true Nordic character," a revolutionary who opposed the Jewish and Roman systems with sword in hand, bringing not peace but war (see Matthew 10:34-37).

Rosenberg later went on to say that he favored a "positive Christianity," which would purify the Nordic race, re-establish the old pagan virtues, and substitute the fiery spirit of the hero for the crucifixion.


Quotes from Nazi Sympathizers and Churchmen

(The uncited quotes below come from John Laffin's, "Hitler Warned Us," from the chapter, "Hitler as God")


Now he stands before us, he whom the voices of our poets and sages have summoned, the liberator of the German genius. He has removed the blindfolds from our eyes and, through all political, economic, social and confessional covers, has enabled us to see and love again the one essential thing: our unity of blood, our German self, the homo Germanus.

-Karl Adam
, the world-renowned theologian speaking about Hitler, [Lewy]


Jews can help themselves.

-Cardinal Bertram
to Pacelli (Pope Pius XII) referring to the Nazi attacks on the Jews. (quoted from John Cornewll's "Hitler's Pope")

 

Each April 20, Cardinal Bertram of Berlin was to send "warmest congratulations to the Führer in the name of the bishops and the dioceses in Germany" and added with "fervent prayers which the Catholics of Germany are sending to heaven on their altars."

-Cardinal Bertram
(quoted from John Cornewll's "Hitler's Pope")

 

The Church is not to be pushed back into the sacristy, but it is expected to accomplish through its own intellectual and spiritual resources what the state seeks to do for the recovery of the nation by way of the political power at its command. To do such Catholic work, no new invitation is necessary for us.

-Cardinal Bertram
, to a conference of clergy at Beuthen, [Lewy]

 

The significance of this ringing of bells, follows from the greatness of the event, which provides the occasion for this proclamation, and from the intention which the Catholic Church always combines with the peal of bells. We take a most earnest and warm interest in all decisive events affecting people and fatherland, and our prayers for state and authorities (1 Tim. 2:2), calling for God's blessing for Church and people, ascend unceasingly to the sky. In the same spirit the reverend clergy will urge the faithful to regard the ringing of bells on this special occasion as an exhortation for such prayer.

-Cardinal Bertram
, praising the annexation of Austria in 1938, where all the church bells in Germany and Austria rang, celebrating the event, [Lewy]

 

The great deed of safeguarding international peace moves the German episcopate, acting in the name of the Catholics of all the German dioceses, respectfully to tender congratulations and thanks and to order a festive peal of bells on Sunday.

-Cardinal Bertram
, in a 1938 telegram of appreciation to Hitler, in the name of the Cardinals of Germany, for the peaceful occupation of Czechoslovakia, [Lewy]

 

A review of the incomparably great successes and events of recent years and the gravity of this war which has come over us gives me, as chairman of the Fuldaer Bishops' Conference, special reason, in the name of the bishops of all the dioceses in Germany, to convey to you on your birthday the warmest felicitations. This occurs in conjunction with the ardent prayers offered at the altar on the 20th of April that the Catholics are sending to Heaven for the German people, army and Fatherland, for the state and Führer. This is being done in deep consciousness of the national and religious duty of loyalty to the present state and its rulers, in the full sense of the Divine commandment that the Saviour Himself and the Apostles have handed down. [We] protest against the suspicion, nourished by anti-Church circles and secretly disseminated by them, that our declaration of loyalty is not fully dependable.... I beg to be allowed to call to remembrance that our aims do not stand in any contradiction to the programme of the National Socialist party and that they find a clear echo in your own policy statement of 23.03.1933 and commitment of 28.04.1933. ...with the most reverend obedience, Cardinal Adolf Bertram, Archbishop of Breslau.

-Cardinal Bertram
, congratulating Hitler on his fifty-first birthday in April, 1940, cited from Johann Neumann's "1945: The German churches before and afterwards"
 


 
The Creator had certainly imposed illness upon the destiny of mankind.... the most severe forms of idiocy and the totally grotesque disintegration of the personality had nothing to do with the countenance of God.... we should not maintain these travesties of human form through an exaggerated, and therefore false, type of compassion; rather we should return them to the Creator.

-
Rudolf Boeckh
, Chief doctor of the Lutheran Neuendettelsau Asylum in Central Franconia, in a 1937 address to the local NSDAP Ortsgruppe, [from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

[W]e German Catholics have not been surpassed by anyone in readiness to make sacrifices, love of our country and fidelity to the fatherland.... And in the struggle for the freedom of our fatherland after the war, a staunchly catholic man, Leo Schlageter, became the shining example of love of the fatherland unto death.

-Bishop Buchberger
of Regensburg in 1935, [Lewy]
[Note, Leo Schlageter was a Nazi and a Martyr for National Socialism. To see photos of his memorial, click here.]

I thank Heaven for a man like Adolf Hitler, who built a front line of defense against the anti-Christ of Communism

-Frank Buchman
, William A. H. Birnie, "Hitler or Any Fascist Leader Controlled By God Could Cure All Ills of World, Buchman Believes," New York World Telegram August 26, 1936.

Its aim is a new social order under the dictatorship of the spirit of God...

-Frank Buchman
, Inside Buchmanism; an independent inquiry into the Oxford Group Movement and Moral Re-Armament, Geoffrey Williamson, 1954

 

... Human problems aren't economic. They're moral and they can't be solved by immoral measures. They could be solved within a God-controlled democracy, or perhaps I should say a theocracy, and they could be solved through a God-controlled Fascist dictatorship.

-Frank Buchman
, Hitler and Buchman, Reinhold Niebuhr, The Christian Century, Oct. 7, 1936

 
(Note, Buchman was an American Lutheran evangelist who supported Hitler and a favored a fascist-dictatorship-theocracy)

 


When we get through with the Jews in America, they'll think the treatment they received in Germany was nothing.

-Father Charles Edward Coughlin, [cited from Wikipedia]

[Note, Coughlin, a Roman Catholic priest and antisemite, used the radio to reach a mass audience during the 1930s. He often quoted Goebbels and sympazhized with Hitler and Nazism. For more information click here.]


The National Socialists, as the strongest party of the right, have shown both a firm, positive relationship to Christianity.... We may expect that they will remain true to their principles in the new Reichstag.

-Otto Dibelius, General Superintendent of the Kurmark and one of the most conservative members of the Confessing Church. Quoted in Nowak, Kirche, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

We have learned from Martin Luther that the church cannot get in the way of state power when it does what it is called to do. Not even when [the state] becomes hard and ruthless.... When the state carries out its office against those who destroy the foundations of state order, above all against those who destroy honor with vituperative and cruel words that scorn faith and vilify death for the Fatherland, then [the state] is ruling in God's name!

-Otto Dibelius
, General Superintendent of the Kurmark and one of the most conservative members of the Confessing Church. Gunther van Norden, Der deutsche Protestantismus im Jahr der nationalsozialistische Machtergreifung (Gutersloh, 19790, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. The way has been shown to us by the Führer.

-Dean Eckert
, sermon at Tegel, North Berlin, 10 February 1935 (Rolf Tell, Sound and Führer)
Luther is truly not only the founder of a Christian confession; much more, his ideas had a fruitful impact on all Christianity in Germany.

-Wilhelm Fahrenhorst
, (Head of the Protestant League and a planner of Luther's day [Luthertag]), [from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 


At a time when the heads of the major nations in the world faced the new Germany with reserve and considerable suspicion, the Catholic Church, the greatest moral power on earth, through the Concordat, expressed its confidence in the new German [Nazi] government.

-Cardinal Faulhaber
, Carroll, James, "Constantine's Sword: The Church and the Jews,"Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001

 

What the old parliaments and parties did not accomplish in 60 years, your statesmanlike foresight has achieve in six months. For Germany's prestige in East and West and before the whole world this handshake with the Papacy, the greatest moral power in the history of the world, is a feat of immeasurable blessing.... May God preserve the Reich Chancellor for our people.

-Cardinal Faulhaber
, in a handwritten letter of congratulations to Hitler about the Concordat between Germany and the Vatican, [Lewy]

 

A lunatic abroad has had an attack of madness-- does this justify wholesale suspicion of the German Catholics? You all are witnesses for the fact that on all Sundays and holidays at the main service we pray in all churches for the Führer as we have promised in the Concordat. And now one can read in big headlines of the papers at the street corners, "They pray for Hitler's death!" We feel offended on account of this questioning of our loyalty to the state. We will today give an answer, a Christian answer: Catholic men, we will now pray together a paternoster for the life of the Führer. This is our answer.

-Cardinal Faulhaber
, responding to a Swiss Catholic (no less) who asked to pray for Hitler's death in 1936, [Lewy]

[Note, to Faulhaber's credit, although he was initally a Nazi supporter became a Nazi opponent and tried to protect the Jews from persecution.]



One wants everything avoided that could make the relationship between Church and State more difficult. One appreciates the movement particularly because of its fight against Bolshevism and immorality.

-Prelate, Ernst Föhr
, relaying information about the visit of Papen and Göring to the Vatican, [Lewy]

 

The Führer of the Third Reich has freed the German man from his external humiliation and from the inner weakness caused by Marxism and has returned him to the ancestral Germanic values of honor, loyalty and courage...."

-Archbishop Gröber
, from his Handbuch, [Lewy]

 

Not only as a party member but also as a Protestant woman I sand in the most thoughtful respectful and most faithful obedience in our work behind our Führer.

-Agnes von Grone
, leader of the Women's Bureau of the German Protestant Church, quoted in Phayer, Women, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

Through some miracle Hitler and Lundendorff were saved. The driving force [behind their suppression] was the Jesuits, who in reality govern Munich. Their aim is a creation of a purely Catholic state (Bavaria-Austria) under a "Catholic" dynasty. The Protestant north cannot assent to this.

-Pastor Hock
, an ex-monk in a speech in Bavaria, 26 Feb. 1924, in reference to the putsch, Eisenbahnuberwachungsstelle Hof, "Versammlungsbericht." The report adds that "Heil Hitler!" and Heil Ludendorff!" could be heard from the audience during the speech. [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

You can see from this that we bishops, of our own free will and without compulsion, have fulfilled our national duty. I know that this declaration will be followed by a successful collaboration. With the most respectful regards and Heil Hitler!

-Cardinal Innitzer
, in a letter to Gauleiter, Fritz Bürke, cited from Johann Neumann's "1945: The German churches before and afterwards"

 

For today's birthday sincere good wishes and assurance of unflinching co-operation in the great enterprise of creating a Germany internally united, enjoying social peace and externally free.

-Monsignor Ludwig Kaas, in a telegram from Rome to Hitler on his 44th birthday (and published in the press), [Lewy]

 

We joyously profess or allegiance to the German Volksgemeinschaft and feel ourselves linked to it in good as well as in bad times... In this staunchly Christian spirit we also now participate wholeheartedly in the great struggle of our people for the protection of their life and importance in the world. With admiration we look upon our army, which in courageous fighting under extraordinary leadership has achieved and continues to achieve unparalleled success. We thank God for his support. Especially as Christians we are determined to rally all our strength so that the final victory will be secured for our fatherland. Especially as believing Christians, inspired by God's love, we faithfully stand behind our Führer who with firm hands guides the fortunes of our people.

-Bishop Kaller
of Ermland, in a pastoral letter in January 1941, [Lewy]

 

Our Christian duty towards this movement [Nazism] is to protect and preserve it, so that it not be silted up by naturalism, nor , caught by the age old enemy of Germanhood, wither to the roots under the alien sun of Rome.

-Hermann Kremers
, Rhineland pastor, Hermann Kremers, Nationalsozialismus und Protestantismus (Berlin, 1931), Foreword, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

That which a thousand years of German history could not accomplish, which Bismarck could not attain, has been realized by God through the strength of our leader, Adolf Hitler... When it comes to the question of governing, we need only one power - the authority of Adolf Hitler and his advisers.

-Dr. Reinhold Krause
, in a speech in Berlin Sports Palace, 13 Nov. 1933 (cited in The National Socialist Stand on Christianity)


Everything is located in God's grace. This knowledge, which our Volk has forgotten in the last years, must be reawakened in them.... We expect that our German women will view their work, their service to the German Volk, as a calling, as a command from God, as our Führer, Adolf Hitler time and again stresses how he views his office and his task as God's calling.

-Gottfried Krummacher, a member of the provincial synod of the Protestant Church and the Rhineland leader of the DC. Hamburger Nachtrichten, Nov. 1933, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

God says as Hitler does: I do not need your assent for my own sake. I need no support. I am firmly in the saddle. God does not need your assent for His own sake, does he? He never needed it from all eternity. God says, as Hitler does: Give me your Aye. He does not need it, but we are lost without this Aye, just as everybody in the German lands is lost if he does not give Hitler his Aye.

-Johann Lohmann
(Hitlerworte als Gleichisse fur Gotterworte, Bamberg, 1934, pp. 18, 19)

 

If a priest should heap scorn on or ridicule the concepts of blood, soil, race, he would thereby not only risk political attacks and legal prosecution, but also offend theologically and against his Church. For what is expressed in these words belongs to the especially valuable natural possessions which God has given us and which even represent the natural foundation for the supernatural possession. For that we are Christians and Catholics we certainly owe primarily to the fact that through God's providence we were born into our family environment and our fatherland and our race. [The right rank order of these values is to be clarified]... and one must help the people to incorporate all these concepts, which are presented to them with such great enthusiasm, into their religious Weltanschauung.

-Vicar General Miltenberger
of Wurzburg in 1937, issued to the clergy of his diocese, [Lewy]

 

[We see in you] not only the authority appointed from above, but the leader who has accomplished though political power what Adolf Kolping, our founder and leader, tried to achieve by way of an intellectual transformation, namely the overcoming of liberalism and socialism.

-Johannes Nattermann
, General secretary of the Catholic Journeymens's Association (Katholischer Gesellenverein) writing about Hitler, [Lewy]

 

The Nazis did not have to discover or create Luther as a German national reformer - he was already there, rifle at the ready.

-Heiko Oberman
, [from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

Our Frauenschaft flag carries the same colors as the Swastika flag, with our flag black stands out, solemn and worthy. On top shine forth the Christian cross in the color of purity, constantly warning us: "You women and mothers, be real Christians; protect Christianity in your family, rear your children to love the savior."

-Lili Otto
, one of the leaders of the National Socialist Women's organization (NSF), in 1933, cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


To the Illustrious Herr Adolf Hitler, Fuhrer and Chancellor of the German Reich! Here at the beginning of Our Pontificate We wish to assure you that We remain devoted to the spiritual welfare of the German people entrusted to your leadership.... During the many years we spent in Germany, We did all in Our power to establish harmonious relations between Church and State. Now that the responsibilities of Our pastoral function have increased Our opportunities, how much more ardently do We pray to reach that goal. May the prosperity of the German people and their progress in every domain come, with God's help, to fruition!

-Eugenio Pacelli
, March 1939 (later to become Pope Pius XII), [cited from Cornwell, John, "Hitler's Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII]

[Note, Pacelli would later become Pope Pius XII]


At no time does the Lord God require of us charitable conciliation with the Jew, the mortal enemy of the Aryan character. Christ himself called the Jews "the sons of the Devil, a brood of snakes," and drove the dealers and moneychangers from the house of God with a whip.

-Hildegard Passow
, one of the leaders of the NSF, Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf, 1933, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

The German bishops at their recent meeting at Fulda have state in clear language the ideas and goals we have in common with the National Socialist movement. They have thereby worked out the positive foundation for our participation in the wold of the new state.

-Professor Hans Peters
, a prominent Center party politician, speaking about the joint pastorial agreement by the Fulda Bishops in 1933. [Lewy]

 

Hitler has taken up the mighty struggle against gold. "Gold determines economic worth," says Americanism. "Man and his labor determine economic worth," declares National Socialism. According to the will of the Creator, gold has no value in itself.... Through the sins of the world economy, gold has received intrinsic value. Man and his work have been made worthless. The Hitler Movement is a large-scale protest against this world injustice. It wants to throw gold off its throne and give back man and his work their value.

-Pastor Herbert Plesch
, pastor of Wolfsberg, "Um Hitler," Aufwarts: Christliches Tageblatt, 5 November 1932, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

In this serious hour when our German people must undergo the trials of a test of fire in a struggle for its natural and God given right to live... I turn to you soldiers who stand ready at the front and who bear the great and honorable responsibility of guarding and defending with the sword of the life of the German nation.... Each of you knows what is at stake for our people in these stormy days; and, in whatever is asked of you, each sees before him the shining example of a true warrior, our Führer and Supreme Commander, the first and most valiant soldier of the Greater German Reich, who is even now with you at the battlefront.

-Franz Josef Rarkowski
, the Army Bishop, at the outbreak of war in September 1939, [Lewy]

 

The German people, who for one year now have been fighting against their detractors, have an untroubled conscience and know which nations before God and history are burdened with the responsibility for this gigantic struggle that is raging now. They also know who has wickedly provoked this war. They know that they themselves are fighting a just war, born of the necessity of national self-defense, out of the impossibility of solving peacefully a heavy and burdensome question of justice involving the very existence of the state and of correcting by other means a burning injustice inflicted upon us. They begrudged us our place in the sun and sought to destroy us forever. They sought to make us into helots, and therefore there is no question in our minds on which side right and, with it, God's help is to be found.... Other people, arrayed against us, also pray to God and implore victory. God is indeed in the same manner the father of all people, but he is not, at one and the same, the advocate of justice and injustice, of honesty and falsehood.

-Franz Josef Rarkowski
, the Army Bishop, at the first anniversary of the outbreak of hostilities in Poland, [Lewy]

 


Many members of the Protestant Church live with their complete thought and feeling in the National Socialist movement.... The National Socialist movement passionately affirms social thought and brotherhood. Therefore it stands for a concern which is also one for the Protestant Church.... The Protestant Church must, for the sake of its calling, here and thankfully greet the great intent coming out of the National Socialist movement.

-Heinrich Rendtorff
, (Lutheran Bishop [Landesbischof] of Mecklenburg,) Mecklengurgische Zeitung, 24 April 1931, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

The Protestant communities of Mecklenburg should now in this hour that their state church in its faith says a joyful and strong yes to German Volkstum... to the German nation... to the German Reich.

-Heinrich Rendtorff
, (Lutheran Bishop [Landesbischof] of Mecklenburg,), As quoted in Scholder, Churches, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

The Protestant communities of Mecklenburg should know in this hour that their state church in its faith says a joyful and strong yes to German Volkstum... to the German nation... to the German Reich.

-Heinrich Rendtorff
, as quoted in Scholder, Churches, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 


There can be no doubt that Cardinal Pacelli approves of a policy of sincere co-operation by the Catholics within the framework of the Christian Weltanschauung in order to benefit and lead the National Socialist movement. From the mouths of other prominent Cardinals, too, I have heard utterances which pointed completely in the same direction.

-Baron von Ritter
, Bavarian ambassador at the Vatican, (Note, Cardinal Pacelli would later become Pope), [Lewy]

 

He who serves our Führer, Adolf Hitler, serves Germany and he who serves Germany, serves God.

-Baldur von Schirach
(speech to Hitler Youth, 25 July 1936)

 

For National Socialism there can be no division of religious and volkisch interests.

-Gertrud Scholtz-Klink
, Head of the national Socialist Women's Organization (NSF), Kaiser, "Frauenwerk," [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 

In a certain sense National Socialism is religion, for it does not require its partisans to be convinced of the rightness of its teachings but to believe in it.

-Professor Paul Schnabel
, Halle University, Mitteldeutsche National Zeitung, 4 July 1935

 


Oath to the Führer

We stand as walls about you
With loyalty and patience.
No sacrifice is so great or hard,
We are in your debt.
We silently fight the holy war,
Which your word sanctifies for us.
We know but one thing: Victory,
And Germany's eternity.
We know that your work succeeds,
Because God is in your heart.
Peace will follow your victory,
Peace for all the world.

 
-Gerhard Schumann, German poet   [soruce: German Propaganda Archive]

 

Your loyalty on January 13 is the newest and most shining proof that the Catholics Church and German nationality are not opposites, as today it is often maintained. No--Catholicism inspires its followers with love and fidelity also to the earthly fatherland that manifests itself in joyful readiness to make sacrifices at all times.

-Bishop Ludwig Sebastian
, in a pastoral letter to his diocesans in the Saar, 1935, [Lewy]

 

Look at a marching troop of German youths and realize what God has made them for. They are warriors by nature and their calling is to rule.

-Walter Stapel
, The War Against the West, Bibl 1, 30, p. 609, London 1938

 

What we all have longed and striven for has become reality: we have one Reich and one leader [ein Reich und einen führer] and this leader we follow faithfully and conscientiously... For us this is not a question of personality. We know that he who stands at the head is given us by God as our leader.

-Vicar General Steinmann
, to a meeting of thousands of Catholic youth, [Lewy]

 

One must recognize that the National Socialist movement has with great sacrifice broken a terror. Where would the millions of young people be if this movement had not existed? It has welded together classes which had been estranged from one another. I believe that especially our consciously Protestant people who stand in the National Socialist camp will particularly welcome this welding. The church can also welcome the struggle against undermining influences in our cultural life.

-Theophile Wurm
, "Frage einer kirchlichen Stellungnahme zu den gegenwartigen politischen Verhaltnissen und Bestrebungen": Bundesarchiv Potsdam, (2-3 March 1933:Berlin), [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


From Newspapers, Periodicals and Letters


The Jew was created by God to act the traitor everywhere.

-Civilta Cattolica, a Jesuit monthly publication, cited in John Cornwell's "Hitler's Pope"


"Christ's Spirit - SA Spirit!": We interpret in the Gospel not a word, but the spirit. We see in the seed, in the model of our Savior not only that he does good and shuns evil, but also that he struggles.... Jesus was not locked up in a church, waiting for the throng.

-Der S.A. Mann, Volkisher Beobachter supplement, 18 Jan. 1930, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


"Under the Cross,": To us Christianity is not an empty phrase, but a glowing life. It lives through us and in us.... Thus is the strength of the nation gathered under the sign of the cross. When the red beast threatens us, or the well-behaved philistine [sittsame Spieber]... sneers at us, we look up to the Cross and receive the doctrine of struggle.

--Der S.A. Mann, 11 Dec. 1930, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

[Note this comes from a publication from the SA (Storm Section {Sturm Abteilung}, also called stormtroopers), Hitler's own private army.]


The German Volk are united not only in loyalty and love for the Fatherland, but also once more in the old German beliefs of Luther [Lutherglauben]; a new epoch of strong, conscious religious life has dawned in Germany.

-"Luther weist den Weg," Chemnitzer Tageblatt, 1 Nov. 1933, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]

 


Adolf Hitler to thee alone we are bound. In this hour we would renew our solemn vow; in this world we believe in Adolf Hitler alone. We believe that National Socialism is the sole faith to make our People blessed. We believe that there is Lord God in heaven, who has made us, who leads us, who guides us and who visibly blesses us. And we believe that this Lord God has sent us Adolf Hitler, that Germany might be established for all eternity.

-Schulungsbrief, April 1937. Bibl. 1, 35, p. 222 Nathaniel Micklem, National Socialism and the Roman Catholic Church, OUP 1939

 


[T]he person of Hitler has become the symbol of the faith of the German nation in its existence and future.

-from an article in Stimmen der Zeit, a Jesuit monthly publication, [Lewy]

 


The German State School is a confessional school only in the sense [that it confesses] the German state and the Volksgemeinschaft in the spirit of positive Christianity. The liberation of the German State school from the shackles of the Concordat is to be effected as soon as possible.

-from the National Socialist Parents' League (Nationalsozialistische Elternbund, or NSEB) manifesto, [cited from Richard Steigmann-Gall's The Holy Reich]


The value and meaning of authority attain particular importance especially in our Holy, Catholic Church and have led to that complete determination and victorious strength of resistance which even our enemies admire. We Catholics, therefore, do not find it at all difficult to appreciate the new, strong stress on authority in the German state.

-part of the joint pastoral letter from the Fulda Bishops' conference of May 30-June 1, 1933, [Lewy]


Reich und Kirche [Church and State] is a series that has the purpose of serving the building of the Third Reich by uniting the forces of the National Socialist state and Catholic Christianity. The series is motivated by the conviction that no basic conflict exists between the natural renaissance of our people to be witnessed today and the supernatural life of the Church. In fact, the restoration of the political order calls for its completion through the resources of religion. To awaken and deepen the understanding for this undertaking is perhaps the biggest spiritual task of contemporary German Catholicism, and its best contribution to the success of that great work of German renewal to which the Führer has summoned us.... Being entirely German and entirely Catholic, the series will examine and promote the relations and encounter between Catholicism and National Socialism and it will point the way toward the kind of fruitful co-operation that is outlined in the Reichskonkordat.

-Announcing the aims of Lortz and Schmaus' new series of books, Reich and Kirche, published with ecclesiastical permission, [Lewy]


[While thanking God] we did not forget to thank the man who has preserved the peace for us and yet at the same time has achieved the freedom of our German brothers in Bohemia. Together with the German cardinals, the entire Catholic community in the Greater German Reich thanks the Führer for the act of peace...

-from the diocesan Sunday paper of Munich praising Hitler's occupation of Czechoslovakia, [Lewy]


This we want to do herewith and ask that the following request, which is also stated in the declaration, will be received with favour:

Namely that a commission from our midst is given the chance to person ally explain the true situation either to Mr. Reichskanzler himself or to the minister of internal affairs. Alternatively, we ask Mr. Reichskanzler to appoint a commission of men who do not have any religious prejudice against us - men who do not have professional religious interests but are solely interested to comply to the just principles as they were set up by the Reichskanzler himself - to investigate our situation impartially. The principles mentioned, refer to paragraph 24 of the program of the National Socialistic German Party of Workers, which reads:

"We demand the freedom of all religious denominations within the state, as far as they do not endanger the state itself or violate the moral values of the German race.

The party as such represents the viewpoint of positive Christianity without being attached to any particular denomination. It fights against the Jewish-materialistic spirit inside and outside of us and is convinced that any recovery of the German people can only take place from the inside out."

We are fully convinced that, once we have been judged impartially, based firstly upon God's word and secondly upon the above mentioned paragraphs, the national government of Germany will find no reason to prevent us from our church services and missionary activities.

We are looking forward to your kind approval, which we hope to receive soon, and want to assure our highest respect to you, honorable Mr. Reichskanzler.

Yours faithfully

Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society Magdeburg

-Translation of part of a letter of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, German Branch, Wachtturmstraasse 1-19, Magdeburg/Germany, sent to Hitler (Reichskanzler)

(Click here to see a copy of the original German version).

[Note, the Watchtower represents the organization of Jehovah's Witnesses. Although many JWs were sent to concentration camps (for political, not religious reasons), their leaders sympathized with Hitler's positive Christianity movement.]


Sources (click on a blue highlighted book title if you want to obtain it):

Carroll, James, "Constantine's Sword: The Church and the Jews,"Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001

Cornwell, John, "Hitler's Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII," Viking, 1999

Helmreich, Ernst Christian, "The German Churches Under Hitler," Wayne State University Press, 1979

Laffin, John "Hitler Warned Us: The Nazis' Master Plan for a Master Race," Brasseys Inc., 1995

Lewy, Guenter, "The Catholic Church and Nazi Germany," Da Capo Press, 1964

Neumann, Johann, "1945: The German churches before and afterwards", 1995

Snyder, Louis L., "Hitler's Elite, Shocking Profiles of the Reich's Most Notorious Henchmen," Berkley Books, 1990

Steigmann-Gall, Richard "The Holy Reich: Nazi conception of Christianity, 1919-1945," Cambridge University Press, 2003

Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 14 November 1945 -- 1 October 1946, Published at Nuremberg, Germany, 1947


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